In earlier times, people communicated with each other through sign languages, sounds and pictorial representations. As civilisation progressed, languages evolved, and gradually, these languages became the main means of communication. Now, among the many languages of the world, the English language has become the lingua-franca or the language of the masses.
Everything you find or do in this world is represented by a word. These words are classified into different categories based on their function and what they signify. Such categories are called parts of speech. Nouns are the most basic among them. It is also the first part of the speech you will be introduced to. Now, what is a noun? A noun is a word used to represent a person, place, animal, thing or idea. Learning nouns is easier if association techniques are used. A child can easily remember words when you show a picture of a cat and then teach them that it is a ‘cat’.
Technology is at its peak now; parents and teachers can make wise use of the technological advancements at hand to teach their children. Verbs and other parts of speech can also be taught using association techniques and simple activities. For instance, a picture or a short video clip of an action being done or the teacher/parent doing the action will make it easier for the child to understand and learn what action that particular verb denotes. The only thing you need to be mindful of when you use such techniques is to show the children every version of whatever you are referring to. This is to make sure that they understand and learn that the word (for e.g., car) does not refer to just that one picture you show them, but there are many others that belong to the same category and are denoted by the same word.
You might wonder what should be taught once the child learns the basic words. This is where English grammar comes into play. Teach your child how words are arranged to form simple sentences. Encourage them to speak in English. Allow them to make mistakes, correct them and appreciate them when they do it right. Introduce them to new words every day and also teach them how the words are used in sentences.
What else can you do to improve your child’s vocabulary and language on the whole? You can buy them story books and inculcate the habit of reading in them. Slowly, they will come to know what kind of genres or topics they would like to read. When they do, make sure you help them out with choosing the right ones. Also, see to it that they do not miss out on the good ones. Reading is a learning process by which children come across a number of new words and different usage of words in multiple contexts. They would unconsciously learn what they are and how they can be used. This will also facilitate improving their fluency. Each child likes a different method of learning and responds to one technique more than the others; so observe and analyse which method suits them best and use it to help your child ace the English language.