‘The universe is under no obligation to make sense to you’- was once famously said by Neil Degrasse Tyson. NASA would beg to differ. Founded in 1958, they have been at the forefront of scientific discovery and spaceflight. They are making great strides in uncovering the mysteries of the infinitely expanding cosmos. There have been successful missions like the Apollo Program, Voyager, Pioneers and spitzer, but few infamous failed projects.
In number one, we have Genesis. It is a space probe deployed in 2001 to collect solar wind particles, in other words containing the glorious sun itself. These samples collected would be later used to study the composition of the sun. Although it successfully collected the pieces of solar isotopic ions, it had a tragic landing due to a parachute mishap and crashed in Utah on September 8th, 2004. But luckily, they were able to forage through the debris and salvage some of the sample collectors.
The Mars Climate Orbiter (MCO)
Unlike the movie The Martian, where Mark Watney could come back from planet Mars successfully to planet Earth MCO could not. Lockheed Martin, who was NASA’s subcontractor for this mission, designed the robotic probe to have metric units of pounds. Still, NASA used Newtons as a metric unit which caused a systematic glitch. This experiment led to NASA losing all connections with the probe, which is thought to either have entered the sun’s orbit or burnt up and been destroyed by the red planet’s atmosphere.
Deep Space 2
Known as ‘Mars Microprobe’, this is the second spacecraft developed under the NASA New Millennium Program. The occasion intended to demonstrate high-risk technology corroboration, and “the initiation was to reduce risks in future” was the slogan for this experiment. Instead of using conventional landing methods Deep Space 2 was supposed to follow the idea of a penetrator probe. And it was impacting the planet at high speed instead of decelerating for a softer landing. It was supposed to measure atmospheric pressure, density and temperature while also analyzing the soil layers if successful. But, just like MCO, the fate of deep space 2 remains a mystery, as after impact communication could not be successful. For more information visit this site: cnnnewsworld
Hubble Space Telescope
After the launch of the Hubble Telescope, a flaw was detected that affected the clarity of the images. There was an aberration one-50th the thickness of human hair, which caused the returning images to be blurrier than expected. Perkin-Elmer Corp created the primary mirror used in the Hubble Telescope. After investigation, the diagnostic result was the flaw was due to the equipment used to manufacture the mirror. Thankfully, later on, authority corrected by building replacement instruments for the telescope.
Despite the failed experiments, NASA’s space exploration has not halted. Instead, they are fueled to reach other planets and break through more atmospheres to learn more about the universe we would abode. Their future visions include building a long-term sustainable robotic habitat on the moon, and the first mission of this project is named Artemis I planned for 2021. NASA’s failures and achievements both remind us that the sky is genuinely not the limit.
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